Located in the central part of Shandong Province, Mt. Taishan covers an area of 426 square kilometers, its main peak being over 1,500 meters above sea level. Mt. Taishan, which ranks first in China’s five sacred mountains, is a famous cultural mountain as well as an epitome of the time-honored history and culture of the Chinese nation. Now Mt. Taishan has 58 temples, 128 ancient archaeological sites and over 2,500 tablets and stone inscriptions, ranking first in the number and scale among all the famous mountains in the country. Hence Mt. Taishan is known as the huge open-air museum.
Mt. Taishan boasts magnificent natural scenery because of 156 peaks, 138 precipices, 130 streams, 72 mountain springs, 64 waterfalls and ponds and over 10,000 ancient trees, presenting “magnificent, unusual, dangerous, elegant, expuisite, serene and vast” scenic sights. In 1987 Mt. Taishan was included in the list of the world cultural and natural heritage by the UNESCO.