Anhui Province is located at the hinterland of East China, crossing the Yangtze River and the middle and lower reaches of the Huai River. To the east, it links with Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces; to the west, it adjoins Hubei and Henan provinces; to the south it borders Jiangxi Province; and to the north it backs on Shandong Province. It is the cradle of Chinese civilization, and home to the famous Huaihe River culture and the Hui culture.
Here originated the Jian’an Literature, the Tongcheng Literary School and Xin’an Culture. Furthermore, Anhui is known as the land of traditional drama and opera represented by Hui Opera, Huangmei Opera and Flower Drama Dance which are shining points in Chinese traditional cultre. It brought up Hui Merchants that had been acclaimed in the business field for 300 years and China’s first steam engine, merchanical ship and telephone were produced in Anhui. All the achievements opened a new page for China’s commercial and modern industrial civilization. Anhui ancient cultural masters had exerted a far-reaching influence on the course of Chinese cultural development, such as Lao Zi, founder of Taoism, Huatuo, a magical doctor of the Eastern han Dynasty ( 25 – 220 AD) and Cao Cao, an excellent strategist, politician and poet of Three Kindoms.(220-280)
Anhui province is such a place combining natural landscapes with cultural heritages. It is like a garden gathering magnificent mountains and rivers and fascinating cultural relics throughout the province. The plain on the north of Anhui is vast and fertile, whild in the middle area between the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River lies the network of rivers and lakes and the chain of undulating hills. The Dabie Mountain area maintains good eco-environment. The mountain area in South Anhui boasts beautiful mountains and lush plantaion. In Anhui, there are two world cultural heritage sites, five national historic and cultural cities, 10 national scenic and historic interest areas and 31 national scenic areas rated above AAAA level. The recommended sightseeing list in Anhui would include Mt. Huangshan, a world cultural and natural heritage and world geopark, the Buddist mountain Mt. Jiuhua, Mt. Qiyun, one of China’s famous Taoist immortal mountains, Tianzhu mountain, the ancient Nanyue (one of the famous Buddist holy mountains), the Xin’an River reputed as a gallery of beauty on water, and the ancient villages in southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun. The rich tourism resources of Anhui are described by two old sayings clearly as “The Wanjiang River suges 800 li (1 li: 0.5 kilometer), the Huaihe River has a history of 5,000 years.” and “Nowhere can be called dreamland once you come to Huizhou, no mountain is worthy of being visited once you trabel to Mt. Huangshan.”