Sichuan, called Bashu in ancient China, is located in the southwestern hinterland of China stretching across the eastern edge of Qinghai-Tibet plateau and Sichuan Basin. With a large number of hills, crisscrossed rivers, high peaks and deep gorges, Sichuan boasts abundant products and a great number of outstanding people; hence Sichuan has been known as the “Land of Abundance” since ancient times.
Sichuan has magnificent, queer, perilous and elehant natural scenis spots. Since ancient times, Sichuan has enjoyed the reputation of “embracing the most fascinating landscapes on earth”, such as Mount Emei, known as the most elegant mountain; Qingcheng Mountain, the most secluded mountain; Jianmen Pass, the most magnificent pass; and Jiuzhaigou Valley, the most appealing scenic marvel. From a vast expanse of bamboo sea in South Sichuan to the masterious and quiet Jiuzhaigou Vally in North Sichuan, and from the Nuoshui River in East Sichuan to Paoma Mountain in West Sichuan, natural scenic spots can be found everywhere in the province; hence Sichuan is acclaimed as “Scenic Province”. In addition, over 85 percent of wild giant pandas in the world in habit in the high mountains in Northwest Sichuan become the “homeland of giant pandas”.
Sichuan boast profound cultural connotations. The splendid civilization of the past several thousand years hae been vividly inserted in the scenic spots and historical sites of Sichuan. The dazzling historical sites are spread all over cliff face; the Dujiangyan Irrigation System, an ancient water conservancy projent; the hometown of Su Dongpo, a famous writer of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127); and the former residence of Du Fu, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), in addition to pavilions and towers tucked away in lushly growing cypress trees. The Sun and Magic Birds excavated in Jinsha County, Sichuan Province has been designated as the symbol of the Chinese cultural heritages.
Sichuan features varied and colorful ethnic minority customs and lifestyles. As one of the provinces in China with the most ethnic minority groups, Sichuan has been known as the “Ethnic Corridor”. According to the historical records, several dozne ethnic groups have labored, lived, multiplied and blended with each other on this land since ancient times. Sichuan is the second largest region in China where the Tibetan people live in a compact community; the largest place inhabited by the Yi people; and the only province lived by the Qiang peolpe. The mysterious, ancient, unadorned and colorful customs and lifestyle of various ethnic minority groups, and the picturesque natural alndscapes make Sichuan become the “Land of Abundance” with unique glamour.