Situated in the north of Jining City, Qufu is adjacent to Tai’an in the north, and to Zoucheng, the hometown of Mencius, in the south. Since ancient times, Qufu has had flourishing culture, and has given birth to a number of celevrities one after antoher, hence a famous historical and cultural city in China. Many historical celebrities, such as Confucius and MEncius, were born here. Thanks to its time-honored cultural formation, Qufu contains a great number of important historical monuments and cultural relics, such as the ancient city of Lu State, the ancient city of the Ming Dynasty, the Temple of Confucius and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family’s Mansion, etc.