The Shaolin Temple, tucked away in the woods of Shaoshi Mountain, is the main tourist attraction of the Songshan Mountain Scenic Area, and a key national AAAAA tourism zone. It was built in 495, the 19th year of the Taihe reign of the Northern Wei Dynasty by Emperor Xiaowen for an eminent monk Bhara from Indian. In 527, the third year of the Xiaochang reign of the Northern Wei, Bodhidharma (470-c. 543), a well-known monk of India, came here to preach Buddhist sutras. He stayed in a natural stone cave in the five-breast Peak in Songshan Mountain to cultivate himself for nine years running and later took the lead in preaching Chan sect, hence the name thr “birth place of China sect”. The main tourist attractions in the Shaolin Temple include the Dwelling Center, Forest of Stupas, Bodhidharma Cave, Founder’s Hut, Second Seniority Hut and Shaolin Martial Art Hall.