Origin of Chinese Civilisation

Henan Museum

The Henan Museum has a collection of 170,000 pieces (sets) and is particularly famous for its collection of prehistoric artifacts, bronzes from Shang and Zhou dynasty (1600BC-771BC), ceramics and jadewares. The nine treasures of the museum, including the Jiahu Bone Flute and The Square Lotus Crane Pot, are of great historical and scientific artistic value, and are thus regarded as the “National Treasures”.

Erlitou Site Museum of the Xia Capital in Luoyang

To show a complete cultural context of the Xia Dynasty, more than 2,000 cultural relics are exhibited, including relics unearthed at Erlitou over the past 60 years, relics unearthed from the important sites at Erlitou cultural district, and the text and image data produced in the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project and the Project to Trace the Origins of Chinese Civilisation. Many precious cultural relics are on display for the first time.

Songyang Academy in Zhengzhou

Songyang Academy, an ancient Chinese institution of higher learning, was originally named Songyang Temple, a Buddhist temple. The architectural style of Songyang Academy is simple and elegant, which has already been a “specimen” for studying ancient Chinese academy architecture, education system and the Confucianism.

National Museum of Chinese Writing in Anyang

The basic exhibition of National Museum of Chinese Writing takes the world characters as the background and Chinese characters as the backbone to explain the structural characteristics and evolution of the Chinese characters, and displays the continuous characters, splendid culture and  civilisation of the Chinese nation through scientific and modern exhibition methods.

Silo Cave in Sanmenxia

As a physical witness of the development and evolution of human “cave dwelling”, Shanzhou silo-caves are unique dwellings on the Loess Tableland, which are durable, warm in winter and cool in summer.

Yin Ruins Museum in Anyang

The Yinxu Museum is named for the palace and temple site at Yinxu, where the artifacts on display epitomize the glorious history of the Shang Dynasty. A large number of cultural relics, including stone tools, pottery wares, bronze wares, jade articles and oracle bones on which the earliest Chinese characters are carved, are collected and exhibited at the Yin Ruins Museum. With a history of over 3,000 years, oracle-bone inscriptions have advanced Chinese history by about 1,000 years.

Shuanghuaishu Site in Zhengzhou

The Shuanghuishu site is the largest core settlement discovered so far in the middle and late Yangshao culture in the Yellow River basin. A relic of Nine Stars made of nine pots which is associated with the origin of silk, were also found here.

Yangshao Site in Sanmenxia

The first excavation of Yangshao site in Mianchi County, Sanmenxia City, Henan Province, began in 1921 when the Swedish geologist Anteson came to the village. The painted pottery unearthed in Yangshao village is unique in shape, polished on the inside and outside, and has exquisite patterns, reflecting the level of pottery-making techniques at that time.

Miaodigou Site in Sanmenxia

The Miaodigou site filled the gap between Yangshao culture and Henan Longshan culture. The painted pottery of Miaodigou culture lays the foundation of the development of prehistoric art in China and is also a peak of the development of prehistoric art.

Dahe Village Site in Zhengzhou

Dahe Village Site is a large ancient settlement site dominated by Yangshao culture, dating from 6800 to 3500 years ago. It has witnessed the whole process of the germination, origin, formation and development of Chinese civilisation. The large area of the site and the thick accumulation of cultural layers are the outstanding ones among thousands of ancient sites in the Yellow River Basin.

Hangu Pass in Sanmenxia

Hangu Pass is one of the earliest fortresses in Chinese history, and it is also the holy land where Lao-tzu, the great ancient Chinese philosopher and founder of Taoism, wrote the Tao Te Ching, the masterpiece of Taoism. Hangu Pass gets its name because of its strategic geographical location and has witnessed numerous battles from ancient to modern times.