China, with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty, thereby writing a finale to long years of primitive society.

In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China’s first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.

The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.

The People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1st, 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open polices, and has established a socialist market economy.

Brief Chinese Chronology

Xia Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty: Western Zhou

Eastern Zhou

Spring and Autumn

Qin Dynasty

Han Dynasty: Western Han Dynasty

Eastern Han Dynasty

The Three Kingdoms: Wei

Shu Han

Wu

Western Jin

Eastern Jin

Southern and Northern Dynasty: Southern Dynasty

Northern Dynasty

Sui Dynasty

Tang Dynasty

The Five Dynasties

Sung Dynasty: Northern Sung

Southern Sung

Liao Dynasty

Western Xia Dynasty

Jin Dynasty

Yuan Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Qing Dynasty

Republic of China (Guo Ming Dang)

The People’s Republic of China

21st century BC-16th century BC

16th century BC-1066 BC

1066 BC-771 BC

770 BC-476 BC

770 BC-221 BC

221 BC-206 BC

206 BC-23 AD

25-220

220-265

221-263

222-280

265-316

317-420

420-589

386-581

581-618

618-907

907-960

960-1127

1127-1279

907-1125

1032-1227

1115-1234

1271-1368

1368-1644

1644-1911

1912-1949

1949-the present

Religion

China is a multi-religious country, where Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are practiced. Freedom of belief is a government policy, and normal religious activities are protected by the constitution.