China, with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty, thereby writing a finale to long years of primitive society.
In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China’s first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.
The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.
The People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1st, 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open polices, and has established a socialist market economy.
Brief Chinese Chronology
Zhou Dynasty: Western Zhou
Spring and Autumn
Han Dynasty: Western Han Dynasty
Eastern Han Dynasty
The Three Kingdoms: Wei
Southern and Northern Dynasty: Southern Dynasty
The Five Dynasties
Sung Dynasty: Northern Sung
Western Xia Dynasty
Republic of China (Guo Ming Dang)
The People’s Republic of China
21st century BC-16th century BC
16th century BC-1066 BC
1066 BC-771 BC
770 BC-476 BC
770 BC-221 BC
221 BC-206 BC
206 BC-23 AD
China is a multi-religious country, where Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are practiced. Freedom of belief is a government policy, and normal religious activities are protected by the constitution.