The grand Yungang Grottoes are located at the south cliff of the Wuzhou Mountain in the western suburbs of Datong City. Originally built in the northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), they are generally reckoned to be one of the largest grottoes in China. The grottoes are chiselled along mountains and stretch continuously for as much as 1,000 meters from east to west. there are 53 caves with 252 niches for over 51,000 statues of varied sizes. Of these, the statue of Great Buddha standing out in the open in front of the No.20 cave, about 14meters high is most representive among the grottoes. It has an extraordinarily gentle expression, with both its eyes seemingly bright and piercing. It is considered the most perfect example of the ancient stone sculptures of China. Many of the carvings combine traditional Chinese art forms with the assimilated essence of the Gandhara Art, resulting in a unique style. For this reason the yungang Grottoes occupy an important position in the overall history of world sculputures. In 2001, they were included on the World Culture Heritage List by the UNESCO.