Jiangxi Province lies along the southern bank of the lower and middle reaches of the Yangtze River in southeast China. It is bounded by Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces in the east, Guangdong Province in the south, Hunan Province in the west and Hubei and Anhui Provinces in the north. With a total area of 166,900 square km, Jiangxi Province has under its jurisdiction 11 cities (namely, Nanchang, Jiujiang, Jingdezhen, Shangrao, Yingtan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Ji’an, Xinyu, Yichun and Pingxiang.)
Jiangxi Province is richly endowed with tourism resources, which can be broadly classified into three categories – revolutionary sites, natural tourist spots and places of historic interest. The major revolutionary sites include Nanchang where the revolutionary army’s flag was first raised, the Jinggang Mountain which is the cradle of the Chinese revolution, Ruijin which is known as the Red Capital of China, and Pingxiang which is the birthplace of China’s labour movement – all combined to make a remarkable contribution to the founding the the People’s Republic of China. Natural tourist spots include the Lushan Mountain which is a world cultural heritage site and astonishes visitors with its charming beauty, the Sanqing Mountain which is also a world cultural heritage site, Turtle Peak, Longhu Mountain, the Poyang Lake which is home to many species of rare birds, and Wuyuan which all visitors say is the most beautiful village they have ever seen in China – all of these being the generous gift bestowed to Jiangxi by the great nature. Others are those steeped in ancient civilizaiton, such as Jingdezhen, the known-to-all porcelain capital with a history of some 1,000 years, the Pavilion of Prince Teng which is one the three most famous buildings in south China, and Linchuan which is home to talents.
Welcome to Jiangxi, and you will learn more of China through the visit!
Nanchang, capital of Jiangxi Province, was first built in the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-25 AD), and therefore has a history of over 2,200 years. It is the political, economic, scientific and technological and cultural center of the province, and well-known throughout China for its rich natural resources and talented people. In 1927, the world-famous August 1 Nanchang Uprising broke out here, resulting in the birth of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). The State Council designated Nanchang as a national historical and cultural city in 1986. It has upwards of 600 cultural sites, 18 places of historical interest, and 26 natural attractions.
Pavilion of Prince Teng
As a national AAAA tourist attraction, the Pavilion of Prince Teng is located at the southern crossing of the Yanjiang North Road and the Dieshan Road, where the Ganjiang and Fuhe rivers meet. In 653, or the fourth year of Emperor Yonghui’s reign of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), “Prince Teng” Li Yuanying, younger brother of Emperor laizong (Li Shimin), built the pavilion when he served as Dudu, the military chief of Hongzhou. It is feted as one of the three most famous pavilions in south China, the other two being the Yellow Crane Tower in Hubei and the Yueyang lower in Hunan.
Memorial Hall of the August 1 Nanchang Uprising
Located at the western end of the Zhongshan Road, the Memorial Hall of the August 1 Nanchang Uprising is one of the cultural relics units under State protection. In the last ten days of July 1927, the troops preparing to join the uprising rented the hotel and convened a meeting in the Festival Hall, thus founding the Tront Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC)” with Zhou Enlai as its Secretary. On August 1, 1927, the CPC launched the world-shaking Nanchang Uprising, and Nanchang became the headquarters of the uprising. The Memorial Hall bears the inscription of Mr. Jiang Zemin, the former President of China, reading: “The Place Where the Army Flag Was First Raised.”
Website: 81 .chinal 840-1949.net.cn
Memorial Hall of Bada Shanren
The Qingyunpu Taoist Temple, located in the southern suburb of Nanchang City, boasts a long history and beautiful scenery. In 1661, or the 18th year of Emperor Shunzhi’s reign of the Qing Dynasty (1644- 1911), Bada Shanren, a famous artist, came to live a secluded life in the temple. He, originally called Zhu Da, was the 9th-generation grandson of Zhu Quan, the 16th son of Emperor laizu (Zhu Yuanzhang) (1328-1398) of the Ming Dynasty. He devoted all his life to calligraphy and painting, and excelled in literature, occupying an important role in China’s history of art.
As a national AAAA tourist attraction, the Tianxiang Garden is located in the middle section of the Qingshanhu Road, Nanchang City. Covering an area of 10 hectares, it also serves as the Natural Ecological Bird Research Base, a scientific research project undertaken jointly by China and the EU. There are at least 60,000 wild migratory birds representing 32 species, although some experts believe the number could be as high as 100,000. It leads the world in terms of the number and density of resident birdlife and has been referred to as the “Realm of Egrets” by the UNESCO.
Located on the central section of the crossing of the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and the Yangtze Watercourse, Jiujiang is endowed with various elegant and characteristic tourism resources best represented by the Lushan Mountain, which is hailed as the “Cultural Wonder of the World”. The city boasts over 120 places of scenic beauty and historic interest open to the public, including famous mountains, rivers, towns, grottoes, bridges, temples and people. It has long been one of China’s most celebrated tourist resorts.
Lushan Mountain Scenic Area
The Lushan Mountain is a world-famous resort, combining resources of scenery, culture, education and religion. In 1982, it was included in the first group of the key national scenic and historic interest areas by the State Council. On December 6,1996, it was included in the World Heritage List as a “World Cultural Landscape” and awarded high praise by the UNESCO. The Lushan Mountain was made a national AAAAA tourist attraction in 2007. Its Wulao Peak, tucked away at an altitude of 1,436 meters, boasts the most beautiful scenery among all the peaks of the Lushan Mountain. Its fourth peak is the highest and its third peak steepest. From this peak, one can enjoy the spectacular scenery of queerly shaped pines and rocks and delightfully floating clouds. In addition, there are some other natural sights, such as Hanpokou (Mouth That Swallows the Poyang Lake) and Sandie Spring (Three Stage Spring), as well as key cultural sights such as the White Deer Grotto Academy, the Donglin Temple and various groups of villas.
The Shizhong Mountain towers southeast bank of the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Poyang Lake in Hukou County, Jiujiang City. It is covered with luxuriant trees and dotted with pavilions in graceful disorder. Queer-looking stones and zigzagging paths can be found everywhere, and the mud-stained river and limpid lake can be seen clearly from its slopes. The Notes of Shizhong Mountain, by Su Dongpo (1037-1101), a great writer of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), has been passed down for generations.
The Gantang Lake, located in Jiujiang City, is a natural lake covering an area of some 80 hectares. Bai Juyi (772-846), a famous poet of the fang Dynasty (618- 907), built a pavilion in the center of the lake when he was demoted to the position of Jiangzhou’s minister for war. He named the pavilion Jinyue (Moon in River) Pavilion after a line of poetry—”The river widened mysteriously to house the full moon” in The Song of a Lute. In the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), it was renamed Yanshui (Mist Enveloped River) Pavilion to imply the meaning of “a verdant and enchanting landscape enveloped in mist”. It is said that in the late Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), General Zhou Yu (175-210) of the State of Wu was in the habit of drilling his marines, and it thus also became known as Zhou Yu Dian Jiang (Zhou Yu Drilling) Platform.
Jingdezhen has long been famous for producing ceramic products. In fact, it is the most celebrated center of the ancient ceramic industry in the world, and as such has played an important role in the history of human civilization. It maintains the extra-large scale and extremely complete and complicated ceramic system from antiquity. This, plus its beautiful natural landscape, social economy and humanistic spirit, led to the city being included into the first group of the 24 historical and cultural cities by the State Council, and its recognition as a top tourist city of China and national ecological garden city.
Ceramic History Museum
Kiln Site at Hutian
Located in the area drained by the Nanhe River in Jingdezhen, the Kiln Site at Hutian is a key cultural relics unit under State protection. It lasted for over 600 years, from the Five Dynasties (907-960) to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and was the largest ancient kiln with the longest history of producing chinaware in Jingdezhen. Here we can find the site of the original workshop, the ancient kiln, antique ceramic pieces, and various preserved kiln implements which are of important value in studying China’s culture, arts and crafts, and urban history.
Located in northeast Jiangxi Province, Yingtan City exercises jurisdiction over Guixi City, Yujiang County, Yiahu District and the Administrative Committee of the Longhu Mountain Scenic Area. With an urban area of 137 re km, it bestrides the Xinjiang River, featuring a terrain of low hillocks. The Xinjiang River and its tributaries, the Bailu and Tongjia rivers, run through the city.
Longhu Mountain Scenic Area
LOcated in the southern suburb of Yingtan City, the Longhu Mountain Scenic Area is the birthplace of Chinese Taoism and renowned as the Taoist Town of China. It is a combination of key national scenic and historic interest area, national AAAA tourist area, national forest park, national geopark and cultural relics unit under State protection. Covering a total area of over 200 square km, the Longhu Mountain consists of 99 peaks, 24 rock formations and 108 natural and cultural sights. The Taoist culture, red mountain and green jade water and secret cliff graves constitute the “Three Wonders” of the sights of the Longhu Mountain. Of the total, the Fairy Water Rock and the Elephant Trunk Hill are must-see attractions.
Ancient Town of Shangqing
The Ancient Town of Shangqing, with a history of over 1,000 years, is part of the Longhu Mountain Scenic Area. There are many places of scenic beauty and historic interest in this part of the world, including the Changqingfang Temple, the Liuhoujia Family Temple and the Tianshi Mansion. Of these, the Tianshi Mansion is the residence of Zhang Tlanshi, a Taoist master and spiritual leader of all the past dynasties. With an area of more than 30,000 square meters, the magnificent mansion backs onto the Xihua Mountain and faces the Huxi River and the Pipa Mountain. The extant ancient buildings of the mansion still cover upwards of 6,000 square meters.
Located at the meeting place of the Xinjiang and Fengxi rivers, Shangrao City boasts four distinct seasons and outstandingly beautiful scenery. It has many tourist attractions, such as the Sanqing Mountain, the Turtle Peak and Wuyuan as well as 48 cultural sites going back to the Neolithic times and the Shang and Zhou dynasties (1600 BC-256BC). The Likeng Village and Wangkou Village of Wuyuan County have both been included in the second group of national historical and cultural villages of China.
Located in northeast Jiangxi Province, Wuyuan lies 150 km from Quzhou of Zhejiang Province In the east and Shangrao in the south, 80 km from Jingdezhen in the west and 120 km from Huangshan City in the north. It is a green pearl inlaid on the international golden tourist itinerary of Huangshan Mountain-Wuyuan-Jingdezhen- Lushan Mountain, and is reputed as the Most Beautiful Village in China by many domestic and foreign media.
Sanqing Mountain Scenic Area
Located in northeast Jiangxi Province, the Sanqing Mountain Scenic Area is a national AAAA tourist attraction. It is renowned for sloping steeply in the east, being wonderful in the west, elegant in the north and unique in the south, and is also known as “the first divine peak south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The most famous scenic spots to be found here include the Sanqing Palace and the Python-Like Stone, In July 2008, the Sanqing Mountain was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Covering a total area of 136 square km, the Turtle Peak is a national AAAA tourist attraction, comprising three distinct elements: “unique peaks”, “marvelous caves” and “outstanding people”. It has been famed for its beautiful peaks and sights, magnificent Buddhist caves, and talented people ever since ancient times.
Located at the foot of the Jinggang Mountain in central Jiangxi Province, Ji’an is the hometown of Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072), a literary giant, and Wen Tianxiang (1236-1283), a national hero, and the first revolutionary base in China. With its beautiful landscape and outstanding people, it is hailed as a bright pearl on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
Jinggang Mountain Scenic Area
The Jinggang Mountain Scenic Area, is the cradle of China’s revolution. In October 1927, Mao Zedong (1893-1976) and Zhu De (1886-1976), as well as other proletarian revolutionaries, led the Workers’ and Peasants’ Revolutionary Army to the Jinggang Mountain, founding the first rural revolutionary base in China. Jinggang Mountain is a “Green Homeland”. The scenic area, covering 213 square km, is richly endowed with natural sights, including high and steep ridges and peaks, queerly shaped caves, cascading waterfalls and deep pools. It is usually enveloped in clouds and mist and has a pleasant climate. The Five-Finger Peak with an altitude of 1,438 meters is the highest peak of the Jinggang Mountain. In 2007, the Jinggang Mountain was rated as a national AAAAA tourist attration. And it was honored as a “National Civilized Scenic Tourist Area” in 2008.
Jinggang Mountain Revolution Museum
The Jinggang Mountain Revolution Museum, located at Hongjun South Road of Ciping, was first built in 1958 for commemorating the first rural revolutionary base founded by the CPC. Besides large numbers of revolutionary cultural relics, there are also pictures of and encouragement words by Mao Zedong (1893-1976) and Zhu De (1886-1976), as well as other proletarian revolutionaries. In October 2007, the museum was open again after two years’ extension. The museum has six exhibition halls, with a total floor area of 20,030 square meters.
Located by the Longjiang River, the Huishi Square covers an area of some 0.5 square km. Huishi is a Chinese term meaning two troops met and joined forces with. In April 1928, the remaining Nanchang Uprising army corps led by Zhu De (1886-1976) and Chen Yi (1901-1972) joined forces with the Workers’ and Peasants’ Revolutionary Army led by Mao Zedong (1893-1976) to form the Fourth Army of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army. Cultural relics units under State protection that we can find here include the Huishi Platform, the Huishi Bridge, the Huishi Monument, and the statues of Zhu De and Mao Zedong Joining Forces.
Located in south Jiangxi Province, Ganzhou City covers an area of over 39,000 square km and has a population of almost 8.5 million. Ganzhou is richly endowed with talents and tourism resources, including the Song Cultural Tourist Area where we can discover ancient grottos, old ramparts, an original floating bridge, and a centuries-old ceramic kiln. There is also the Meiguan Ancient Post Road Tourist Area, otherwise known as the “Silk Watercourse”, the Yangling Mountain, reputed as “a natural oxygen bar”, and the Sanbai Mountain, where the Dongjiang River originates.
Tongtian Rock Scenic Area
Located 6.8 km northwest of Ganzhou, the Ibngtian Rock Scenic Area is a national AAAA tourist attraction and a cultural relics unit under State protection. The construction of grotto temples began here in the late Tang Dynasty (618- 907), accumulating in 359 stone-carved statuaries and 128 carved inscripts. It is a treasure house of ancient grotto art in south China. With its towering trees and elegant scenery, it is also a wonderful resort for summer holidays and cultural pursuits.
Pingxiang City in western Jiangxi Province has a history that goes back more than 1,700 years ago. Pingxiang boasts picturesque scenery and fascinating landscapes, such as the Wugong Mountain and the Yangqi Mountain, all of which combine to make any tourist reluctant to go back home.
Memorial Hall of the Railway Workers' and Coal Miners' Movement in Anyuan
Situated on the slope of the Niuxing Mountain in Anyuan, the memorial hall measures 24 meters high, 100 meters long and 30 meters wide. In the centre is built the emblem of the Railway Workers’ and Coal Miners’ Club. On its both sides are the Five-Star Red Flag made of ceramic tiles and the giant organic glass torch lamps. This majestic construction towers among pine and cypress trees, forming a tourist attraction that is also of high value for education in revolutionary tradition in China.
Yilong Karst Cave
Formed 180 million years ago, the Yilong Karst Cave, also called Nielong Cave, is 15 km from Pingxiang. It extends some 4 km. Inside there are exquisite, bright and limpid stalagmites, petrified flowers, and “curtains” in various different shapes, all combining to produce what has been called a grand “natural sculpture gallery”.
Fuzhou City In east Jiangxi Province is historically the home of WangAnshi (1021-1086), a famous politician of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), Zeng Gong (1019-1083), an influential scholar and historian of the Northern Anna Dynasty (960-1127) and Tang Xianzu (1550-1616), the great dramatist of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It enjoys rich tourism resources and picturesque natural scenery.
Located in the southwest of Le’an County, Jiangxi Province, Liukeng Village was originally built during the reiqn (937-942) of Emperor Shenyuan of the Southern Tang State of the Five Dynasties. With a history of more than 1,000 years, it has numerous extant ancient buildings, sites, inscribed tablets, couplets hung on hallway columns, and various carvings. On June 25,2001, the Ancient Buildings in Liukeng Village were designated among the fifth group of the cultural relics units under state protection. In October 2003, the village was listed in the first group of China’s famous historical and cultural villages.
Memorial Hall of Wang Anshi
Located at the southern end of Gandong Road, Fuzhou City, the memorial hall was built in commemoration of Wang Anshi, a famous politician and writer of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). It was designed in imitation of the gardens of the Song Dynasty, and covers an area of 1.33 hectares, with buildings covering a construction area totalling 1,560 square meters. The gate tower, cryptocyst, waterside pavilion, veranda, steles, kiosk, lotus pond and crooked bridge all stand in harmony with the main complex, blending into one integral whole. Here we can also find the scenic spots — the Wenyue Veranda, the Tizhu Garden and the Jinggong Pavilion.
The city in west-central Jiangxi Province is endowed with fine tourism resources, including the national scenic areas such as the Fairy Lake Scenic Area and the Mengshan Mountain Scenic Area. It is one of the most beautiful cities in west Jiangxi Province.
Fairy Lake Scenic Area
The Fairy Lake Scenic Area is a national AAAA tourist attraction. In Chinese legend it was the place where the fairy described in the Soushenji (Investigations into Deities) descended to the world. Now it serves as one of Jiangxi’s earliest developed and best lake scenic areas. It is 16 km southwest of Xinyu. With 50 square km of water surface and a further 198 square km of scenic area, the lake is dotted with charming islets, truly giving the impression of a fairyland on the earth. Famous scenic spots include the Dai Holiday Village, the Snake Islet and the Wannian Bridge.
Yichun City is among the first group of China’s ecological demonstration cities. There are four national forest parks, three provincial forest parks, five provincial scenic areas, and two provincial nature reserves. With a forest coverage of 52.78 percent, it offers the visitors many picturesque vistas.
Sanzhualun National Forest Park in Jing'an
This is a national AAAA tourist attraction. Situated away from the bustling city proper, it has emerald hills and crystal clear waters. One can listen to the sounds of the wind in the pines and the twittering of the birds, while watching cascading waterfalls and oceans of cloud, all the while experiencing the freshness, serenity, and primitive simplicity of the virgin forest. It is an ideal resort for holidays and sightseeing.
Recommended Tourist Itineraries
★ Cultural Tour of Famous Mountains, Cities and Villages: Nanchang — Jiujiang (Lushan Mountain) — Jingdezhen — Wuyuan
★ Red Cultural Tour of Famous Mountains and Cities: Nanchang — Jingang Mountain — Ganzhou — Ruijin
★ Scenic and Taoist Culture Tour: Nanchang — Longhu Mountain — Turtle Peak — Sanqing Mountain
★ Western Jiangxi Eco-Cultural Tour: Nanchang — Xinyu (Fairy Lake) — Yichun (Sanzhualun National Forest Park) — Pingxiang (Anyuan, Yilong Karst Cave)
Festivals and Celebrations
Folk Art Festival
Venue: Nanchang City
What’s on: Joint performance of Jiangxi local operas, Jiangxi folk art competition, folk art symposium, handicrafts contest, Jiangxi snacks appraisal.
China (Jiangxi) Red Tourism Fair
Time: October to November
Venue: Main cities in the province
What’s on: Exhibitions of tourist resources and tourist service facilities, forums on red tourism development, designing contests of tourist products and sales, and local custom performances.
Nanchang Rope and Gold Pagoda Temple Fair
Venue: Nanchang August 1 Square
What’s on: Traditional operas show, and exhibitions of various snacks, articles for daily use and special and local products, which are famous in China.
Jingdezhen International Ceramics Festival
Time: October 12
Venue: Jingdezhen City
What’s on: Exhibition of fine ceramics, on-the-spot making of ceramics, traditional tea ceremony, musical performance with folk musical instruments made of ceramics, and business talks.
Longhu Mountain Taoist Cultural Tourism Festival
Time: November 19-21
Venue: Longhu Mountain of Yingtan City
What’s on: Opening ceremony, Taoist consecration ceremony, Taoist music party, visit to Longhu Mountain She ethnic customs show, wedding customs show, folk opera performance, drum and gong performance, tourist trade talks, and business negotiations.
Jiangxi cuisine is derived from the native cooking styles of Jiangxi Province in south China. It consists of the Nanchang and Ganzhou dishes. With the local products as the basic ingredients, it pays strict attention to the cutting and matching of the raw foodstuffs and the duration and degree of cooking. It often uses various methods of frying, steaming, braising and stewing. The steamed dishes with rice flour are generally considered to be the highlight of Jiangxi cuisine. Dish cooked with rice flour are very tasty. Snacks made from wheat or rice flour are numerous in variety, each with its own special characteristics. Famous dishes include the Stewed Chicken with Three Cups of Sauce, the Meat Cooked with Winter Bamboo Shoots, the Fried Preserved Ham with Crown Daisy, the Steamed Pork with Rice Flour Served in a Round Bamboo Container, the Fried Stonefish with Egg, the Fried Partridges, the Steamed Beef with Rice Flour, the Zhangshu Baomian Wonton and the Huangyuan Glutinous Rice Cake.
Jiangxi Province is endowed with plentiful tourism resources. Scenic spots can be found all across/he province, as can the hotels where you might wish to stay during your visit. Most of these hotels offer such good service that guests do feel at home.
Jiangxi Province is complete with railways, highways, waterways and air transportation system, which makes visitors so convenient that they can finish the following one day: leave Jingdezhen in the early morning for the chance to enjoy the sunrise at the Poyang Lake, take a boat trip along the Ganjiang River and sip Site wine at noon, and then put themselves up at Gannan and experience the Hakka Culture at night.
Jiangxi Province boasts several large airports including the Nanchang Changbei International Airport, the Jingdezhen Luojia Airport, the Jinggangshan Airport, the Ganzhou Huangjin Airport, and Jiujiang Lushan Airport. They combine to satisfy the need of the growing tourism business.
Railway is the major means of transport for Jiangxi Province and recent years saw fast development of railway construction in the province. Railway lines available to tourists best satisfy their needs, including the Bejing-Kowloon Railway, the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway, the Yingan-Xiamen Railway, the Anhui-Jiangxi Railway, the Wuhan-Jiujiang Railway, the Hengfeng-Nanping Railway, the Jinggangshan Railway, and the Tongling-Jiujiang Railway.
At the end of 2008, the total highway mileage in Jiangxi Province was 133,815 km, and the province’s expressway mileage open to traffic surpassed 2,316 km. A sound highway network has taken shape. It has Nanchang, the provincial capital, as its center, and the national and provincial highways as the skeleton, and links up with prefectural, county and township highways.
Jiangxi Communications Information Net: www.jxjt. gov.cn
Website of Jiangxi Highway: www.jxgl.gov.cn
Jiangxi Province, which features a mild climate and picturesque scenery, abounds in unique and traditional products. \n addition to the world-renowned Jingdezhen porcelain, it also boasts the Nanfeng Mandarin Orange, often referred to as the King of Oranges, the Site Wine which travellers in the province should have a taste, the Lidu Brush Pens, and the Lushan Yunwu Tea.
There are many venues offering local-style entertainment and recreation in Jiangxi Province. Teahouses, bars, cafes and entertainment venues can be found around this province, especially in such cities as Nanchang and Jiujiang.
Jiangxi Province belongs to the subtropical zone, thus enjoying a humid monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of 16-20 degrees Centigrade. Average temperatures are about 3-9 degrees Centigrade in January, and 27- 31 degrees Centigrade in July. The temperature in southern Jiangxi is higher than in the northern part of the province. Annual average precipitation is 1,341.4 -1,934.4 mm. It is cold in spring and winter, hot in summer, and dry in autumn, thus accounting for its four distinct seasons. However, spring and autumn are short while summer and winter are long. In Jiangxi Province, autumn, moderate and steady in temperature, is the best season in which to visit.