An Overview of Liaoning Province
Lying in the southern part of Northeast China and within Northeast Asia’s Bohai-Rim Econoic Circle, Liaoning Province has a temperate continental climate, with an annual average temperature at 16 degrees Celsius. It is coldest in January and hottest in July. Compared to inland cities, the coastal areas have a mild temperature change. Here, spring spans from March to May, summer from June to August, autumn in September and October, and winter from November through February. The province’s best season for travel ranges from May to October, and January and February are the optimal time for experiencing ice and snow delight and traditional festivals.
Liaoning governs 14 prefecture-level cities, and Shenyang is the provincial capital. The province covers an area of 148,000 square kilometers and has a population of 42.03 million. While most of its population is the Han people, the province is also inhabited by people from 52 ethnic minorities, including the Manchu, Mongolian, Korean, and Xibe, accounting for 16 percent of its total population. Moreover, the number of its Manchus and Xibe people tops that of any other province in China.
Liaoning Province borders the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south and faces the Korean Peninsula across a river. Enjoying an exceptional geographical location, it serves as the economic center and a transportation and communications hub in Northeast China. The convenient land, sea and air transportation links Liaoning to more than 50 large and medium-sized cities across China, the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions, and Japan, South Korea, Russia, Thailand and other foreign countries, making the province an important tourist destination in Northeast Asia.
The Liaohe River drainage basin was one of the birthplaces of the splendid culture of China. From the Zhou Dynasty (C.1100B.C.-256B.C.) through the Qing Dynasty (1616- 1911), a large number of cultural relics and historical sites of legendary color were left behind across the province. Among them are worldwide-renowned Shenyang Imperial Palace and the Three Tombs before the Qing Dynasty in the middle part, the historical sites with respect to contemporary warfare in the south, and the historical sites of the Qin and Han (221B.C.-220A.D.) Dynasties, Song and Liao (907-1279) Dynasties, and Ming and Qing (1368-1911) Dynasties in the west. Liaoning has a coastline stretching over 2,100 kilometers from the estuary of the Yalu River in Dandong City to the Jieshi Seashore in Huludao City. Famous mountains, picturesque rivers, and fantastic landscapes are scattered on the Liaodong Peninsula and the Liaoxi Corridor. Liaoning is home to six World Cultural Heritages: the Imperial Palace, Qing-Dynasty Fuling Tomb, and Qing- Dynasty Zhaoling Tomb in Shenyang; Qing-Dynasty Yongling Tomb in Fushun; Wunushan Mountain Town in Benxi; and Jiumekou Great Wall in Huludao. In addition, there are also Hetuala City, constructed before the Qing Dynasty; Dongjing City and Dongjing Tomb in Liaoyang; an ancient meteorite in Shenyang, which is the largest of its kind ever found in the world dating back 1.9 billion years; and the Shuangtaizi Wetland Nature Reserve in Panjin, which is the second largest reedy swamp in the world. Other scenic attractions include the Weird Slope and Snake Island in Shenyang, Bijia Mountain in Jinzhou, Water Cave in Benxi, Red Beach in Panjin, Qianshan Mountain, Phoenix Mountain, Chessboard Mountain, Ice Valley, and Wunu (Five Maidens) Mountain. A colorful diversity of i cultural events, such as the Dalian International Fashion Festival, the Shenyang Inter- national Ice and Snow Festival, the Fushun Manchu Culture Tourist Festival the Benxi Maple Leaves Festival, the Dandong Yalu River International Tourist Festival the Yinakou Wang，er Mountain Mother’s Day, and the Tieling Folk Arts Festival, have attracted waves of domestic and international visitors.
On the beautiful Liaodong Peninsula and along the colorful Liaoxi Corridor, the people of Liaoning sincerely await friends both at home and abroad.
1. Liaodong Peninsula Leisure Tour (5 days)
Shenyang (Imperial Palace, downtown sightseeing, Zhaoling Tomb) — Benxi Water Cave — Dandong (Yalu River, Broken Bridge, Hushan Great Wall) — Dalian (Lushun Port, Xinghai Square, Sun Asia Ocean World, Binhai Road, Polar Aquarium, People’s Square, etc.)
2. Dalian Golf Tour (3 days)
Dalian downtown sightseeing — Jinshi Golf Court or Xiali Golf Court
3. World Cultural Heritage Tour (5 days)
Shenyang Imperial Palace — Huanren, Benxi (Wunu Mountain, Wunushan Museum, General’s Tomb) — Ji’an, Jilin (Stele of King Haotai, Wandu Mountain City) — Dandong (Yalu River, Broken Bridge, Hushan Great Wall) — Shenyang (Zhaoling Tomb, Liaoning Provincial Museum)
4. City Culture Tour (8 days)
5. Central Liaoning Culture Tour (5 days)
Shenyang — Fushun (Hetuala City, Yongling Tomb) — Anshan (Jade Buddha Garden, Qianshan Mountain) — Liaoyang (White Pagoda, Guangyou Temple, Memorial Hall of Cao Xueqin) — Shenyang (Imperial Palace, Manchu Qing Street, Marshal Zhang’s Mansion)
6. Seashore Leisure Tour (7 days)
Dalian (Polar Aquarium, Birds Paradise, Binhai ,Lushun Military Port, Paradise on Water, Jinshi Beach, seaside bathing beach) — Anshan (Qianshan Mountain, Jade Buddha Garden, Tanggangzi Hot Spring) — Dalian (shopping, etc.)
7. Sightseeing and Shopping Tour (5 days)
Shenyang (Imperial Palace, Northern Tomb, Marshal Zhang’s Mansion, Botanic Garden, Zoo) — Benxi Water Cave—Shenyang (shopping, etc.)
8. Qing Culture Tour (3 days)
Shenyang—Fushun (Yongling Tomb, Hetuala Old City) — Shenyang (Fuling Tomb, Xinle Ruins, Zhaoling Tomb, Imperial Palace, Marshal Zhang’s Mansion)
9. Local Features Tour (4 days)
Shenyang (Sannong Expo Garden) — Benxi (Benxi Water Cave)—Dandong (Yalujiang Park, Broken Bridge, cruising on the Yalu River) — Dalian (Xinghai Park, Xinghai Square, Polar Aquarium)
Festivals and Other Activities
China Fireworks Spring-Heralding Fair
Date: From the 2nd day to the 6th day of every 1st lunar month
Qianshan Mountain International Tourist Festival
Date: From late April to early May every year
Phoenix Mountain Fair
Date: From the 26th day to the 28th day of every 4th lunar month
Venue: Fengcheng, Dandong
Wang'er Mountain Mother's Day
Date: First half of May every year
Venue: Gaizhou, Yingkou
Locust Trees Appreciation Fair
Date: Late in May every year
Xingcheng Oceanic Fair
Date: Mid- to late July every year
Venue: Xingcheng, Huludao
Dandong Yalu River International Tourist Festival
Date: From late August to late September every year
Fushun Manchu Customs Festival
Date: Early to mid-September every year
Internaitional Fashion Festival
Date: Early to mid-September every year
Internaitional Qing-Dynasty Culture Tourist Week
Date: Mid- to late September every year
Maple Leaf Festival
Date: From late September to mid-October every year
Red Beach Sightseeing Fair
Date: From late September to late October every year
Mt. Chessboard Ice and Snow Festival
Date: From late December to late February of the next year
Shenyang Imperial Palace
First built in 1625 for Emperor Nurhachi and his son Huang Taiji of the Qing Dynasty, the Shenyang Imperial Palace is one of the two royal architectural complexes extant in China today. Covering an area of more than 60,000 square meters, it has over 20 compounds and more than 300 rooms. Exhibitions that represent history are held here in a layout composed of eastern, middle, and western parts. In addition, many imperial relics and artworks are also on display here.
Situated in the eastern suburb of Shenyang City, it is popularly called the East Tomb, where Emperor Nurhachi and his empress were buried. Part of the tomb was reconstructed during the reign of Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong. The tomb covers 194,800 square meters, and its main buildings include the Zhenghong Gate, the Stele Tower, and the Square City. With four turrets, the Square City is the main structure of the tomb. In the north is the Ming Tower that houses a stone tablet. To the north of the Square City are the Treasure City and the Crescent City. Under the Treasure City is an underground palace, which houses the coffins and bone ashes of Nurhachi and his empress.
The Zhaoling Tomb, populariy called the North Tomb, lies in the north of the city proper of Shenyang. It is the burial place of Huang Taiji, the second emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and his empress Bor Jijite. Covering 4.5 million square meters, it is the largest of the Three Tombs outside the Shanhaiguan Pass. The tomb is divided into three parts. The first part stretches from the Xiama (Getting Off Horse) Stele to the Zhenghong Gate, while the second part from the Zhenghong Gate to the Square City. The rest part is the Square City (including the Crescent City and the Treasure Roof), the main structure of the tomb. Other key structures include the Longen Hall, the Longen Gate, the Ming lower, and the Underground Palace.
The Weird Slope is situated in Qingshuitai Town, Xinchengzi District of northern Shenyang. On a mountainside about a kilometer east to the Harbin-Dalian and Beijing-Harbin Expressways, there is a section of stone-paved highroad 100 meters in length. Here, cut-out vehicles can coast up the slope easily, but bicycles down the slope have to be ridden hardly, hence its name Weird Slope. Near the Weird Slope there is the Sounding Hill, When visitors throw stones at certain parts of the hill, they can hear a unique sound, hence its name.
Shenyang International Horticultural Expo
The Shenyang International Horticultural Expo Garden comprises four theme structures (Phoenix’s Wings, Rose Garden, Lily Pagoda, and Comprehensive Hall) and three feature landscapes (ecological landscape, artificial landscape, and wetland). Boasting 100 custom exhibition gardens, it offers a colorful diversity of horticultural interest representing different parts of the world.
During the expo, a wide array of entertainments were provided, including a water stunt show from Australia, a representation of horse fighting of the Qing Dynasty, and a fabulous performance by a Russian circus. Besides this, tourists were also attracted by the various delicious food offered by the International Gourmet Square consisting of chefs from dozens of Chinese cities and more than 20 foreign countries. The expo was an all-inclusive wonder.
Situated 20 kilometers northeast of Shenyang City, the Chessboard Mountain is a famed tourist attraction featured by beautiful natural landscapes. There is a lake called Xiuhu (Picturesque Lake), which covers 50,000 square meters and is surrounded by hills. Its water surface has a shape of Chinese character uXiu,” and the lake boasts picturesque environment, hence its name. Within the tourist attraction, there are two mountains—the Huishan Mountain and the Chessboard Mountain. The Huishan Mountain, on the south bank of Xiuhu Lake, stretches for over 20 kilometers. On its top are grotesque, bare rocks. The Chessboard Mountain, to the west of Xiuhu Lake, boasts a dangerous terrain and charming scenery and is the second highest mountain in the tourist attraction.
"9.18" Historical Museum
Situated in northeastern Shenyang City, the museum consists of the Monument to “9.18” Incident, the Bomb Monument, and the museum halls. With eight exhibition halls, the “9.18” Historical Museum is a large, modern museum with reference to history and has been cited as one of the 100 National Bases for Patriotism Education.
MarshalZhang's Mansion Museum
Sitting in Shenhe District, Shenyang City, the museum was the former mansion of Marshal Zhang Zuolin, a noted warlord during the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China period. Surrounded by a three-meter-tall brick wall, it is separated into east and west courtyards. The east one, built in 1912, is a traditional quadrangle with three rows of houses. It has 74 rooms, which are arranged in the shape of Chinese character “目”. In the north of the garden is a three-story brick building of Romanesque style, which was Marshal Zhang’s office.
Shengjing International Golf Club
Located in the eastern suburb of Shenyang, the golf club covers 930,000 square meters and is an 18-hole championship golf course that totals 6,832 yards in length. It has an 80, 000-square-meter practicing parkland and a Scottish-style building with an architectural area of over 7,000 square meters. It also has such facilities as restaurants, gyms, business centers, and theme stores. So far, it has been admitted into the United States Golf Association and the China Golf Association.
Jinshi Beach Tourist and Holiday Area
On the coast of the Yellow Sea, in southeastern Jinma New District, Dalian City, the Jinshi Beach combines the landscapes of sea, beach, reeves, and islands. In particular, it is famous for its geological wonders and enjoys the reputation as the “Geological Museum.” As the only state-class tourist and holiday area, it is furnished with such facilities as a world-class golf course, an international convention center, an international yacht club, a hunting field, a hot spring holiday village, a fishing club, hotels, and villas.
Situated near to Xianrendong Town, 40 kilometers north of the city seat of Zhuanghe, the Ice Valley covers 130 square kilometers. The crustal movements over the past billions of years have created the Ice Valley, a natural wonder rare to be seen in North China. Reputed as “Guilin in North China,” the valley boasts green mountains, crystal-clear rivers, and wandering streams, as well as over 40 grotesque peaks and over 20 caves in varied sizes. The Ice Valley Tourist and Holiday Area integrates holiday villas and hotels and develops such travel programs as mountaineering, rafting, fishing, and wild fruit collecting.
Situated on the southernmost of the Liaodong Peninsula, it is 30 kilometers away from Dalian and faces the Shandong Peninsula on the opposite side of the sea. Located on the throat of the Bohai Sea, it has been a place of strategic importance since ancient times. The port has long enjoyed the reputation as an Open-Air Museum. Among its scenic spots are the Snake Island, the Bird Island, the Guesthouse for Birds on Laotie Hill, and the 100-Year-Old Lighthouse.
Sun Asia Ocean World
The Sun Asia Ocean World, situated in Xinghai Park, Dalian, consists of two parts—the Sea World and the Polar World, and is the only tunnel oceanarium in China. It includes a coral fish exhibition hall, an underwater tunnel, an exhibition of ship models, a fast-food restaurant, and a shopping center. Its underwater tunnel, 118 meters in length, is known as the longest of its kind across Asia. Walking along the arched tunnel, one can learn about the living conditions of more than 10,000 fishes of over 200 species and enjoy a fantastic oceanic world. The Polar World is an indoor exhibition hall, where are displayed nearly 100 species of polar animals.
Dalian Tiger Beach Ocean Park
Covering an area of 1.18 million square meters along a 4,000m-long coastline in southern Dalian City, the park features an enchanting blending of mountain and sea views and offers a wide range of recreational amenities, such as the LHT Pole Aquarium, a sea beasts hall, a coral hall, a pirate village, a bird paradise, a cross-sea cable, sightseeing boats, flume ride, bungee, and speed downhill. It is a modern, ocean- themed destination combining sightseeing, recreation, culture, shopping, and science education.
Dalian "Kingdom of Discovery" Theme Park
Covering an area of 470,000 square meters in the Jinshitan National Tourist Resort, it is a large, comprehensive theme park, composed of six theme zones representing different stages of the history of human civilization: Discovery Square, Legendary Castle, Magic Forest, Metal Factory, Mysterious Desert, and Crazy Town. It boasts 50-plus amusement facilities, including a space shuttle from Italy and a roller coaster from the US. In addition, a one-kilometer artificial rafting course, wonderful art performances, festooned vehicle parades, and fireworks shows will bring tourists fantastic experiences and great delight.
Jade Buddha Garden
The Qianshan Mountain, 18 kilometers southeast to the city proper of Anshan, covers 44 square kilometers. Its highest peak, the Terrace of Immortals, is 708.3 meters above sea level. As early as the Sui and Tang dynasties (581-907) both Buddhist and Taoist temples had been built here makinq it one of the Three Most Famous Mountains in northeastern China. The northern section of the mountain boasts picturesque landscapes and numerous temples and concentrates the essence of the mountain. Its other sections also have their own charm featured by rolling hills, deep ravines, dense forests and hidden temples. The Wuliang Taoist Temple is the most famous Taoist building on (he mountain. In its Zhonggou Embroidered Lotus Terrace Scenic Spot, there has been found a natural stone Buddha that is over 70 meters in height.
Exhibition Hall of War Prisoner Administrative Office
Located on Ningyuan Street in Shuncheng District, Fushun City, the War Prisoner Administrative Office was used to detain more than 1,300 prisoners, including Pu Yi, the last emperor in China, and members of his royal family, as well as Japanese and Kuomintang prisoners of war. At present, on display in the exhibition hall include the Reform of Japanese War Prisoners, the Reform of Emperor Pu Yi, and the Living Zone, Prison Wards and Workplaces of War Prisoners.
Memorial Hall of Lei Feng
Situated at 61 Heping Road in Wanghua District, Fushun City, the Memorial Hall of Lei Feng covers an area of 100,000 square meters. The entire architectural complex consists of six zones: the mourning zone, the exhibition zone, the stele zone, the sculpture zone, the activity zone for juveniles, and the comprehensive service zone. In addition to the National Research Center for Learning from Lei Feng, it is also one of China’s AAAA tourist resorts and one of China’s top 100 bases for patriotism education.
By the Suzi River at the foot of Qiyun Mountain, 21 kilometers west of the Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, the Angling Tomb is the mausoleum of the ancestors of Emperor Nurhachi, including his father, uncles, grandfather, and great-grandfather. Covering an area of 11,900 square meters, it consists of the Xiama Stone Tablet, the Front Palace Courtyard, the Square City, the Treasure City, the Sacrificial Altar, the Ice Cellar, and the Fruit Tower.
Fushun Imperial Polar Ocean World
Located in the Fushun Gaowan Economic Development Zone, it is a world of precious and rare polar ocean animals, encompassing an ocean-animal performance hall, an underwater tunnel, an amusement dock (offering such amenities as motor yacht, speedboat, water skiing, and parachuting in the air), and a large children’s amusement ground, integrating animal exhibition, art performance, food catering, recreation, and shopping.
Benxi Water Cave
Located west of Benxi County, the Benxi Water Cave is a large water-eroded cave that was formed about five million years ago. Stretching from northwest to southeast, it consists of three sections: water cave, dry cave, and drainage，ve. Nearly 3,000 meters of an underground river here have been developed for sightseeing, making the cave the longest of its kind that can be visited by tourists on a boat in China. Here, the nature has created a fairyland-like view composed of grotesque stalagmites and stalactites. Clear and transparent, the river in the cave runs all year around.
The Five-Maiden Mountain stands on the west bank of the Hunjiang River in Benxi City. Magnificent and precipitous, its main peak rises 824 meters above sea level. Standing on the Platform for Summoning Army on the top of its east peak, one can see the vast Hunjiang Reservoir in the distance. Here, one can also have an overview of the Eight-Diagram City in Huanren County. In 37 A.D., Koguryo tribe used to build a city here.
A remaining section of the Changbai Mountains the Phoenix Mountain is situated 50 kilometers northwest of the city proper of Dandong and covers an area of 24 sauare kilometers. Its highest peak, Cuanyun Peak, has an altitude of 836.4 meters. One of the four most famous mountains in Liaoning Province, the Phoenix Mountain is reputed as magnificent topography, secluded springs and caves, rare flowers and trees, and beautiful scenery all year round. It consists of four scenic spots-the West Hill, the East Hill, the Miaogou Valley, and the Ancient City. In the West Hill Scenic Spot, there are such rare natural views as the Back of Old Cattle, the Uniqueness under Heaven, and the Jianyan Peak.
Hushan Great Wall
Located south of Hushan Village in Hushan Township, Kuandian County of Dandong City, the Hushan Great Wall is near to the Yalu River and is only 20 kilometers away from the city proper of Dandong. Built during the reign of Emperor Wanli of the Ming Dynasty, it is the easternmost section of the Great Wall. In recent years, a section of more than 500 meters and several beacon towers have been refurnished. The Hushan Great Wall Museum has been constructed at the foot of the Hushan Hill, which is known as China*s fourth Great Wall museum after the ones at Badaling, Shanhaiguan, and Jiayuguan.
Destroyed Bridge over Yalu River
The Yalu River got its name for its green water and its appearance like a duck head in the Tang Dynasty. Originating at the south foot of Mt. Changbai in Jilin Province, the river stretches for 795 kilometers and separates China from North Korea. It flows about 300 kilometers in Dandong City, and this section features wide water surface and picturesque landscapes. The first bridge built over the river dates back to the Liao Dynasty. Early in the 20th Century, iron-structured bridges began to be constructed here. The first iron bridge was built in 1909. In 1950, it was destroyed by US Air Force during the Korean War, leaving only piers to this day. Built in 1940, the second iron bridge, 940 meters in length, is a highway-railway bridge under the co-jurisdiction of China and North Korea.
Situated on the Liaodong Bay in Tianqiao Town, 35 kilometers south of Jinzhou City, the Bijia Mountain is actually a small, inshore island. With an altitude of 78 meters, the island stretches 1.5 kilometers from east to west and is 1.8 kilometers away from the seashore. There is a cobblestone pathway naturally formed by tides that connects the island to the mainland. Popularly called the Bridge to Heaven, the pathway emerges at low tide and disappears at high tide. When it emerges at low tide, one can walk along the pathway to the Bijia Mountain. On the mountain are also such ancient architectures as the Pavilion of Lu Dongbin, the Heavenly Empress Palace, and the Sanqing Pavilion.
Located five kilometers northwest of Beining, Jinzhou City, the Yiwulu Mountain is known as one of the Five Guarding Mountains in China. Abbreviated as Mt. Lu, it has 52 noted peaks, of which the highest, Wanghai Peak, is 866 meters above sea level. The mountain is famed across northeastern paintings. Main scenic spots here include the Pavilion of the Goddess of Mercy, the Yuquan Temple, and the Dachaoyang.
The Fengguo Temple, built in 1020, lies on Dongjie Street in Yixian County and is also called the Giant Buddha Temple or Seven-Buddha Temple. It was renamed the Fengguo Temple in the Liao Dynasty (1115-1234). The main structure in the temple is the Mahavira Hall, the largest ancient wooden-structured building in China. The hall has three doors and enshrines seven Buddhist statues sculptured in the Liao Dynasty. From left to right, the statues sitting on pedestals, all above nine meters in height, are Kashyapa Buddha, Krakucchada Buddha, Sikihin Buddha, Vipassi Buddha, Vaisali Buddha, Kanakamuni Buddha, and Sakyamuni Buddha. The Vipassi Buddha in the center and its pedestal together measure 9.5 meters tall. On the beams and arches are paintings of the Liao Dynasty, while on the walls are murals of the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368). All the paintings and murals are well preserved.
Wanger Hill, 67 meters in elevation, is situated 1.5 kilometers northeast to the Xiongyue Railway Station in Gaizhou City. One can reach its top along a stone stairway on its north slope. A brick pagoda of Tibetan style towers on the top, to the north of which is a natural arched bridge. Under the bridge is a stone pavilion. The Mothers Statue and the Mothers Hall were built here not long ago. Every mid-May, the Wanger Hill Mother’s Day are hold here.
The Baisha Bay lies on the coast in western Guizhou Manchu Township, Gaizhou City. Its coastal beach, 2 kilometers in length, boasts soft, silica sand and clear, tender waves. Some villas are hidden in coastal forests and are surrounded by orchards growing grapes, peaches, and apples. In addition, the bay abounds in such aquatic products as bighead croakers and mantis shrimps. It is not only the home to aquatic products and fruits but also an ideal summer resort.
Haitang Mountain is popularly known as the Lama Cave. Located in Daban Township in southern Mongolian Autonomous County, Fuxin City, the Haitang Mountain Nature Reserve is featured by steep peaks, grotesque rocks, and skyscraping, old trees. On huge, steep cliffs are carved 266 sculptures featuring various shapes and superb craftsmanship. As the art masterpieces of Tibetan Buddhist in eastern China, most of these sculptures were carved during the later Ming and early Qing Dynasties (1628-1636), and have now had a history of more than 350 years. Deep in a valley at the foot of the mountain is the Puan Temple, which was built in the Qing Dynasty.
On the border between northwestern Zhangwu County of Fuxin City and the Horqin Left RearBannerofthe InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, there is a scenic area rolling deserts, reservoirs, rivers, and forests in one. In recent years, the scenic area has developed such travel programs as desert sightseeing and rafting tour.
Guangyou Temple, Liaoyang City
Situated north of the White Pagoda in Liaoyang City, it is one of the earliest temples after Buddhism was introduced into China. It was first constructed during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), and was renovated and extended during the Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties. At its prime period, the temple covered more than 90,000 square meters and encompassed nearly 200 halls, being the largest Buddhist shrine in Northeast China. The latest reconstruction in 2002 highlighted the temple’s Liao-Dynasty style and the essences of the Ming and Qing architecture. It is considered a masterpiece of traditional Chinese architecture.
Liaoyang White Pagoda
Located in Baita Park nearby the Liaoyang Railway Station, the Liaoyang White Pagoda was built from 1161 to 1189 during the Jin Dynasty. It was originally named the Chuiqing Temple Pagoda, built by Emperor Wanyan Yong for his mother, Empress Zhen Yi. Up to present, it has had a history of more than 800 years, A 13-storied octagonal pagoda, it stands 71 meters high and is the tallest ancient pagoda in Liaoning and one of the six highest pagodas around China.
Diaobingshan Steam Locomotive Museum
A state AA-class tourist site covering 3,000 square meters, the steam locomotive museum is located in Diaobingshan, a coal-based city in the northern Liaoning. It boasts 21 steam locomotives that still work and are rarely seen elsewhere in the world, including 18 of SY class, one of JS class, one of KD6 class and one of YJ class. While some of these are still in operation, some are exhibited in the museum, By experiencing the steam locomotives along a 220km-long tourist railroad between Diaobingshan and Tieling Cities, people can enjoy the amazing natural landscapes along the way.
So far, based on the museum, the International Steam Locomotive Tourist Festival has been held three times, attracting more than 10,000 visitors from home and abroad.
Outside the coastal dyke in southwestern Panjin City, there is an intertidal zone, 26 kilometers in length and nearly a kilometer in width. Growing on the intertidal zone are luxuriant suaeda, which become reddish in May and June, then pink in July and August, and dark red from September to November. For the magnificent view, it has won the reputation as the Red Beach. Here, amidst reedy swamps live 236 species of birds, of which the most famous are the red-crowned crane and the Saunders’s gull. Tourist activities with strong natural charm, such as observing cranes in reeds and exploring rare birds, have been carried out here. There are crane watching terraces built on the zone.
Xingcheng Ancient City
Located in Xingcheng, Huludao City, the Xingcheng Ancient City is one of the four best-preserved ancient cities around China. Built in 1430, the city has a square shape. The outer side of its walls is laid with black bricks, while the inner side with stones. The entire city preserves an architectural touch of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. During the late Ming Dynasty, the Xingcheng Ancient City was an important defense fortress outside the Shanhaiguan Pass.
Jiumenkou Great Wall
The Jiumenkou Great Wall, located in Lijia Township of Suizhong County, 15 kilometers away from the Shanhaiguan Pass, used to be an important passage along the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty and was famed as the First Pass East to Beijing. This section is a bridge paved with granite slabs totaling 7,000 square meters over the 100-meter-wide Jiujiang River. Therefore, it has been known as Yipianshi (A Stone Slab) throughout history, hence its alternative name the Yipianshi Pass. The pass has nine gates used as sluices. The Jiumenkou section features intensified, complete military garrison. Within an area of 2,000 square meters, there are 12 watchtowers, each two of which are at an interval of only 70 to 80 meters, 4 sentries, a battle terrace, a beacon tower and a castle. Moreover, the Jiumenkou Great Wall is the first one listed as the World Cultural Heritage in northeastern China.